April 28, 2017 The Call – No Military Action without Congressional approval Article I of the Constitution gives the power to authorize military action to Congress. However, in recent decades, Congress has often failed to fully assert its prerogative and has acquiesced to the executive taking various military actions with flimsy Congressional authority. Shortly after the 9/11 attacks, Congress authorized President Bush to take military action against any entity that committed or aided the attacks, or harbored perpetrators, in order to prevent future attacks (the 2001 AUMF). All use of US military force since then, including President Trump’s Syrian missile strike, have relied on the 2001 AUMF. By any measure, the 2001 AUMF has been stretched far beyond its original intent and there is no argument that it could cover military action in Korea. The escalation of potential military action on a far more catastrophic, possibly nuclear level, is now being threatened in North Korea. At his news conference in Seoul, South Korea, Vice-President Pence warned North Korea that “all options are on the table.” In an interview with Reuters on Thursday, Trump said “we could end up having a major, major conflict with North Korea. Absolutely.” Allies in the region are concerned and Japan recently issued evacuation and missile attack guidance to its population fearing retaliation by North Korea following US military action. The US military involvement in the Korean War was authorized by a United Nations Security Council Resolution and controversially, never by Congress. Despite no Congressional approval (or United Nations approval), Sean Spicer said this week that Trump does not believe he needs Congressional approval for military action against North Korea. With an unpredictable and ill-informed president risking nuclear attack or retaliation, it is imperative that Congress perform its Constitutional duty and reassert its obligation to approve or disapprove of military force before it occurs. Your Action Call your three members of Congress and tell them Congress must reassert its Constitutional duty and require the president to obtain Congressional approval before any further military action. Script Hi. This is [NAME] and I’m a constituent in [ZIP]. I’m concerned that the President is carrying out military operations without Congressional approval. I like [Sen/Rep____] to support Congress reasserting its Constitutional oversight duty and requiring the president to obtain approval before conducting further military action in Syria, North Korea or anywhere else. I appreciate your time. Thank you!